Nearly 51 million households (hộ gia đình) don't earn enough to afford (đáp ứng, đủ khả năng, đủ điều kiện để làm gì) a monthly budget that includes housing, food, child care, health care, transportation and a cell phone, according to a study released Thursday by the United Way ALICE Project. That's 43% of households in the United States.
The figure includes the 16.1 million households living in poverty, as well as the 34.7 million families that the United Way has dubbed (đặt tên) ALICE -- Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed. This group makes less than what's needed "to survive in the modern economy (nền kinh tế hiện đại)."
"Despite seemingly positive economic signs, the ALICE data shows that financial hardship (khó khăn về tài chính) is still a pervasive problem (vấn đề phổ biến)," said Stephanie Hoopes, the project's director.
California, New Mexico and Hawaii have the largest share of struggling families, at 49% each. North Dakota has the lowest at 32%.
Many of these folks (công chúng nói chung, người) are the nation's child care workers, home health aides (trợ giúp y tế tại nhà), office assistants and store clerks, who work low-paying jobs and have little savings, the study noted. Some 66% of jobs in the US pay less than $20 an hour.
The study also drilled down to the county level.
For instance (điển hình như, ví dụ), in Seattle's King County, the annual household survival budget for a family of four (including one infant and one preschooler) in 2016 was nearly $85,000. This would require an hourly wage of $42.46. But in Washington State, only 14% of jobs pay more than $40 an hour.
Seattle's City Council just passed a controversial (gây tranh cãi) tax on big businesses to help alleviate (làm giảm bớt) the city's growing homelessness (vô gia cư) and affordable housing problems.